Affidavit vs. Declaration: What’s the Difference?

The main difference between affidavit and declaration is that an affidavit requires the presence of an authorized person who can administer oaths whereas a declaration does not require an authorized person.

Before we move to more differences, let’s first understand Affidavit and Declaration:

  • Affidavit: An affidavit is a legal document that is made under oath and signed in the presence of an authorized official, such as a notary public.
  • Declaration: A declaration is a statement of facts that is made in writing, but is not normally made under oath or in the presence of an authorized official.

Now, let’s get to Affidavit vs Declaration:

Major differences between Affidavit and Declaration

Affidavit Declaration
Affidavits are typically used in legal proceedings, such as in court. Declarations are more often used in administrative contexts, such as applications for permits or government benefits.
Affidavits can be used as evidence in criminal and civil trials. Declarations are usually used to support applications or petitions.
Affidavits must be witnessed by an authorized official. Declarations do not require a witness.
Affidavits are made under oath. Declarations are not made under oath.
An affidavit is a formal document with a specific format. Declarations can be written in any format.

So, these are the main differences between the entities.

Also see:

You can see other “differences between…” posts by clicking here.

If you have a related query, kindly feel free to let me know in the comments below.