The main difference between community and ecosystem is that community focuses on the interactions among different species within a particular area whereas ecosystem encompasses all the living and nonliving components in a habitat.
Before we move to more differences, let’s first understand Community and Ecosystem:
- Community: A community is a group of populations of different species living and interacting in the same geographical area.
- Ecosystem: An ecosystem refers to a complex network of living organisms (plants, animals, microorganisms) and their physical environment, including the soil, water, and climate.
Now, let’s get to Community vs Ecosystem:
Major differences between Community and Ecosystem
|A community involves only the biotic (living) components.||An ecosystem encompasses both the biotic and abiotic (non-living) factors.|
|A community represents a higher level of organization within an ecosystem, as it is composed of populations of different species.||An ecosystem encompasses multiple communities.|
|In a community, interactions between species, such as competition, predation, and symbiosis, are emphasized.||An ecosystem considers the broader interactions between organisms and their environment.|
|A community can vary in size and can be relatively small, such as a pond community.||An ecosystem can encompass a larger geographical area, such as a forest ecosystem.|
|A community focuses on the species composition, diversity, and interactions within a particular habitat.||An ecosystem focuses on the flow of energy, nutrient cycling, and overall functioning of the system.|
So, these are the main differences between the entities.
You can see other “differences between…” posts by clicking here.
If you have a related query, kindly feel free to let me know in the comments below.